在华外资企业经营投资情况调查问卷 (Survey on Business Operation of Transnational Enterprises in China)

此调查问卷为国家发展改革委国际司青年理论学习小组设计、发放,旨在更好了解在华外资企业当前生产经营情况、面临的主要困难,以便为企业提供更加有力的支持和服务,请您抽空完成调查问卷。感谢贵企业对我们工作的支持!
Thank you for taking the time to complete the survey. This survey is designed by the Youth Study Group of the International Cooperation Department of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). It aims to better understand the operating situation and major challenges of transnational enterprises in China, which in turn helps policy-makers provide more support and services to businesses.
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一、企业基本情况(I. BASIC INFORMATION OF YOUR COMPANY)
1.
企业全称(Full name of your company):  
在华总部所在城市(Headquarter in China):
在华总部成立时间(Operate in China since):*
2. 企业规模(Scale of your company):*
A.500人及以下(Less than 500 staff)
B.501-1000人(501-1000 staff)
C.1001-3000人(1001-3000 staff)
D.3001-5000人(3001-5000 staff)
E.5001-10000人(5001-10,000 staff)
F.10000人以上(More than 10,000 staff)
3. 企业所属行业(Your company belongs to the following sector):*
A.农、林、牧、渔业(Agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery)
B.采矿业(Mining)
C.制造业(Manufacturing)
D.电力、热力、燃气及水的生产和供应业(Power, heat, gas, water supply)
E.建筑业(Construction)
F.交通运输、仓储和邮政业(Transportation, warehousing and storage, postal services)
G.信息、计算机和软件(ICT)
H.批发和零售业(Wholesale and retailing)
I.住宿和餐饮业(Hospitality and catering)
J.金融业(Finance)
K.房地产业(Real estate)
L.租赁和商务服务业(Leasing and business services)
M.科学技术研究(Scientific and technological research)
N.环境和公共设施管理业(Environment and public facilities management)
O.教育(Education)
P.卫生和社会工作(Health and social work)
Q.文化、体育和娱乐业( Culture, sports and entertainment)
R.其他行业(Others)
4. 企业外方投资者国别或地区(Country or region of origin):*
A.美国(United States)
B.欧洲(Europe)
C.日韩(Japan and South Korea)
D.港澳台(Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan of China)
E.东盟(Association of Southeast Asian Nations,ASEAN)
F.其他(Others)
5. 企业主要市场(The main markets of your company):*
A.国内(不含港澳台)(the Chinese mainland)
B.港澳台(Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan of China)
C.美国(United States)
D.欧洲(Europe)
E.日韩(Japan and South Korea)
F.东盟(ASEAN)
G.中东及非洲(Middle East and Africa)
H.其他(Others)
二、企业经营情况(II. BUSINESS OPERATION)
6. 2022年1-5月,企业营收与去年同期相比(Compared with the same period of last year from Jan. to May., your revenue has):*
A.增长10%以内(grown by less than 10%)
B.增长10%-30%(grown by 10%-30%)
C.增长30%以上(grown by more than 30%)
D.基本持平(remained almost the same)
E.减少10%以内(dropped by less than 10%)
F.减少10%-30%(dropped by 10%-30%)
G.减少30%以上(dropped by more than 30%)
7. 预计2022年企业营收变化(Revenue projection of your company in 2022):*
A.同比增长0%-10%(up by 0%-10% year-on-year)
B. 同比增长10%-30%(up by 10%-30% year-on-year)
C.同比增长30%以上(up by more than 30% year-on-year)
D.基本持平(the same as 2021)
E. 同比减少0-10%(down by 0-10% year-on-year)
F. 同比减少10%-30%(down by 10%-30% year-on-year)
G. 同比减少30%以上(down by more than 30% year-on-year)
8. 若企业营收下降,主要原因(If you expect a drop in revenue, the main reasons can be):【多选题】
A.企业所处行业整体不景气(the downturn of the whole industry)
B.疫情影响(产能下降、消费需求减少等)( the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic (output decline, drop in consumer spending, etc.))
C.企业处于退出阶段(our company is moving out of China)
D.(原材料、人工、物流等)生产成本上升(cost rise in production (raw materials, labor, logistics, etc.))
E.加大固定资产投资或研发投入(increase in fixed asset or R&D investment)
F.税收等优惠政策变化或取消(change or cancellation of tax cuts and other preferential policies)
G.其他(请说明)(others,please specify)
9. 以下外部因素哪个对企业经营投资影响更大(Which of the following factors will have a greater impact on your investment):*【多选题】
A.中美摩擦进一步扩大化(escalation of trade friction between China and the United States)
B.俄乌冲突影响(Ukraine crisis)
C.疫情导致市场消费低迷( low consumer demand due to the pandemic)
D.供应链中断(supply chain disruption)
E.投资环境恶化(deteriorating investment environment)
F.其他(others)
10. 国内疫情对企业生产经营的影响(The COVID-19 pandemic in China has):*
A.影响严重,导致企业经营面临严重困难(a serious impact on our overall business operation)
B.影响较大,导致企业经营出现部分困难(a significant impact on several lines of business operation)
C.影响较小,经营总体保持稳定(a restricted impact as our overall operation remains stable)
D.没有明显影响(no significant impact)
E.影响正面,企业经营业绩变好(a positive impact as our business performance improves)
11. 疫情导致企业目前面临的主要困难(The pandemic has led to the following difficulties to your company):*【多选题】
A.无法正常生产经营(unable to produce and operate as usual)
B.市场订单减少(declining number of orders)
C.原材料及能耗成本增高(higher costs of raw materials and energy consumption)
D.物流及用工等成本增高(higher logistics and labor costs)
E.资金压力大,融资难度加大(difficulty in cash flow and financing)
F.企业因无法按时履行交易合同需要支付违约金(liquidated damages for delayed payment to contracts)
G.其他(others)
12. 当地疫情防控政策对企业业务影响程度(Local epidemic prevention and control policies have):*
A.完全没影响(no impact on my business)
B.受影响程度50%以下(impacted my business by less than 50%)
C.受影响程度50%以上(impacted my business by more than 50%)
D.彻底停工(led to complete shutdown of my business)
13. 您认为当地针对生产经营的疫情防控政策是否适当(Do you think the local epidemic prevention and control policies for production and operation are appropriate?):*
A.适当,理解和支持(Appropriate, I understand and support)
B.存在一些不适当,应当更优化(Partly inappropriate, some could be optimized)
C.不适当,无必要(Inappropriate, I don’t think they are necessary)
14. 您认为当地疫情防控政策需要如何调整?(How do you think the local epidemic prevention and control policies could be adjusted?)*【多选题】
A.降低企业防疫主体责任(Relieve the companies from taking the major responsibilities of epidemic prevention and control)
B.简化生产环节防疫流程(Simplify the procedure of epidemic prevention and control in production)
C.打通跨地区乃至跨国物流(Make cross-regional and cross-border logistics smoother)
D.其他(Others)
15. 针对疫情带来的影响,企业需要政府哪些方面的支持?(In response to the impact of the epidemic, which of the following do you suggest the government to do?)*【多选题】
A.税收减免(Tax relief)
B.房租减免(Rent relief)
C.社保缴纳减免(Social security payment exemptions)
D.提供银行贷款等金融支持(Financial support such as bank loans)
E.其他(Others)
三、企业投资情况 (III. ENTERPRISE INVESTMENT)
16. 企业近2年是否进行了减资或股权转让(In the past 2 years, your company has):*【多选题】
A.近2年办理了减资业务(reduced registered capital in China)
B.近2年办理了外转中转股业务(transferred shares to a Chinese company)
C.近2年未办理减资或转股业务(neither of the above)
17. 未来2年内企业在华投资计划(In the following 2 years, your company):*
A.继续增加投资(will increase investment in China)
B.推迟或减少投资( postpone or reduce investment in China)
C.尚无投资计划(has no investment plan yet)
18. 企业减、撤资主要原因(The main reasons for your company to reduce or withdraw investment are):【多选题】
若无撤资减资情况或计划,可不填,跳过。
A.疫情导致市场低迷,行业不景气(downturn due to the epidemic and the sluggish industry)
B.受中美贸易摩擦的影响(the impact of trade friction between China and the United States)
C.国内人力、原材料、土地、水电、环保等经营成本上升(cost rise in labor, raw materials, land, water, power, environmental protection, etc. )
D.国内政策优势不再,政策红利被压缩(preferential policies no longer competitive)
E.市场同类竞争加剧,企业利润空间被压缩(increased competition and decline in gross profit margin)
F.母公司经营布局需要(strategic change of the parent company)
G.其他,请具体填写( Others,please specify):
19. 企业母公司所在国家对华投资政策变化情况(The policy of your parent company about investing in China is):*
A.全面限制对华投资(fully restricting)
B.部分限制对华投资(partially restricting)
C.新增对华投资审查(new review procedure has been put in place)
D.不鼓励也不限制(neither encouraging nor restricting)
E.鼓励对华投资(encouraging)
20. 企业认为在华投资前景如何(How do you see the prospect of investing in China?):*
A.看好(Optimistic)
B.不看好(Pessimistic)
C.不清楚( Not sure)
21. 企业是否已经或计划向其他地区转移产能、职能(Has your company transferred or is planning to transfer the manufacturing line or other business to another country or region?):*
A.不计划转移产能、职能(No)
B.已经转移产能、职能(Yes, it has been transferred to another country or region)
C.计划转移产能、职能(Yes, it is under consideration to be transferred to another country or region)
22. 企业已经或计划向其他地区转移产能、职能的原因(If the manufacturing line or other business of your company has been transferred or is under consideration to be transferred to another country or region, you aim to):【多选题】
若无转移产能、功能计划,可不填
A.为贴近消费市场(be closer to the consumer market)
B.为增加供应链弹性(increase supply chain flexibility)
C.为降低劳动力成本(reduce labor costs)
D.其他国家提供政策优惠(take advantage of preferential policies in other countries or regions)
E.为规避关税等贸易壁垒(avoid tariffs and other trade barriers)
F.为减少对中国市场的过度依赖、分散风险(reduce over-reliance on the Chinese market and diversify risks)
G.其他原因,请具体填写(Others,please specify):
23. 企业的产能、职能已经或计划向何处转移(Where has the manufacturing line or other business been transferred or planned to be transferred?)?【多选题】
若无转移产能、功能计划,可不填。
A.美国(the United States)
B.欧洲(Europ)
C.非洲及中东(Africa and the Middle East)
D.拉美(Latin America)
E.亚洲其他国家或地区(Other countries or regions in Asia)
F.其他,具体说明(Others,please specify):
24. 在人力资源和员工规模方面,企业会做何调整?(Will you consider reducing staff or their pay?)*
A.不会调整(No)
B.会部分裁员或降薪(Yes, may slightly reduce staff or their pay)
C.会大规模裁员或降薪(Yes, may massively reduce staff or their pay)
D.会扩大招聘(No, may recruit more staff)
25. 您认为国内营商环境还有哪些需要改进的地方(Which aspect do you think the business climate in China can be improved?):*【多选题】
A.融资便利(Convenience of financing)
B.出口退税(Tax rebates of exports)
C.通关便利(Convenience of customs clearance)
D.资质审批(Approval of qualifications)
E.信保优惠(Credit insurance preferences)
F.知识产权保护(Intellectual property protection)
G.汇率稳定(Stability of exchange rate)
H.为争端解决、合同履行等提供司法支持(Judicial support for dispute resolution, contract fulfillment issues, etc.)
I.其他,具体说明(Others, please specify):
26. 对于中国营商环境及相关政策,您是否还有其他意见和建议(Do you have any other comments or suggestions on optimizing China's business climate and related policies?):*
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